Whilst today in Western universities, the term ‘Islamic Studies’ is used to depict the study of Islam and Muslims, it is inaccurate and vague. Under the heading of Islamic Studies, Islam is studied more as a historical civilization rather than as an intellectual discipline capable of contributing to today’s fast-changing, globalised world. The correct term would be ‘Islamic sciences’ which denotes the rich and diverse intellectual heritage of Islam that has impacted not only Muslims themselves by Western civilization itself. The Islamic sciences comprise of: ilm al-usul al-fiqh (the science of the principles of jurisprudence), ilm al-fiqh (the science of jurisprudence), ilm al-hadith (the science of narration), ilm al-rijal (the science of biography), ulum al-quran (sciences of the qur’an), ilm al-tafsir (the science of exefgesis), ilm al-falsafa (the science of philosophy), ilm al-mantiq (the science of logic), ilm al-irfan (the science of gnosis), ilm al-tarikh (the science of history) and lughat al-arabiyyaah (the Arabic language) and ilm al-balagha (the science of expression). In addition to these, Muslim scholars have developed the ‘pure’ sciences such as biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, astronomy and more making scientific discoveries and advances. The following article may be useful to read:

Academics mostly state that the western, Latin Middle Ages brought together the three ingredients that form what we call ‘western civilisation’: the cultures and/or civilisations of Athens, Rome, and Jerusalem. The reality is that there is a fourth ingredient that is as important (and in certain areas, more important) as any of these three in the development of the civilisation of Europe and ‘the West’, and that is the fourth city: Makkah and the Muslim civilisation of the early Middle Ages with particular reference to cities such as Baghdad where a great deal of intellectual activity took place.

Diverse Legal Consulting has advised numerous individuals and institutions in their research projects combining the classical texts of Islam with contemporary intellectual developments. Whether you require a report or expertise on a particular area of Islam, we would be more than happy to help. Check our publications section for samples of our work.

Feel free to contact us to discuss your needs.


muslim diaspora

"There were 1.8 billion Muslims in the world as of 2015 – roughly 24% of the global population – according to a Pew Research Center estimate. But while Islam is currently the world’s second-largest religion (after Christianity), it is the fastest-growing major religion. Indeed, if current demographic trends continue, the number of Muslims is expected to exceed the number of Christians by the end of this century.

Although many countries in the Middle East-North Africa region, where the religion originated in the seventh century, are heavily Muslim, the region is home to only about 20% of the world’s Muslims. A majority of the Muslims globally (62%) live in the Asia-Pacific region, including large populations in Indonesia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran and Turkey.

Indonesia is currently the country with the world’s largest Muslim population, but Pew Research Center projects that India will have that distinction by the year 2050 (while remaining a majority-Hindu country), with more than 300 million Muslims.

The Muslim population in Europe also is growing; it is projected 10% of all Europeans will be Muslims by 2050.

According to the Pew Research Centre's estimate, there are about 3.45 million Muslims of all ages in the U.S., or about 1.1% of the U.S. population. Its demographic projections estimate that Muslims will make up 2.1% of the U.S. population by the year 2050, surpassing people who identify as Jewish on the basis of religion as the second-largest faith group in the country (not including people who say they have no religion)." (

Based on the above, Diverse Legal Consulting offers research and expertise on the trends and challenges of Muslim diaspora around the world. Check out our publications sections for samples of our work.

Feel free to contact us to discuss your needs.